2020 Central Bank Gold Reserve Survey

The number of central banks buying gold is expected to increase substantially this year. According to the 2020 Central Bank Gold Reserves (CBGR) survey, 20% of central banks intend to increase their gold reserves over the next 12 months, compared to just 8% of respondents in the 2019 survey. The increase is particularly notable as central bank buying has reached record levels in recent years, adding around 650 tonnes in 2019 alone.

Several of the survey’s key findings may explain the significant growth in planned gold purchases by central banks: 88% of respondents say that negative interest  rates are a relevant factor for their reserve management decisions. The continuation of expansionary monetary policies due to the Covid-19 pandemic, which coincided with the fieldwork of this survey, will likely keep interest rates near zero for the foreseeable future. Furthermore, 79% of respondents view gold’s performance during times of crisis as an important reason to hold gold, up from 59% in 2019; while 74% of respondents consider gold’s lack of default risk to be an important reason for holding the metal, up from 59% in 2019. These shifts may suggest a re-evaluation of gold’s role amidst ongoing financial and economic uncertainty, while also reflecting long-term concerns about fiscal sustainability as government stimulus is deployed to cushion the global economy.

We highlight several key insights below – download the full report for more.

How relevant are the following factors in your organisation's decision

Responses to this question showed a significant change from the 2019 survey, perhaps indicating a shift in investment sentiment in light of the Covid-19 pandemic and other global developments.

Q4. How relevant are the following factors in your organization’s decision to hold gold?

Q4. How relevant are the following factors in your organization’s decision to hold gold?

The two most important factors in the decision to hold gold are the same as in 2019: historical position and long-term store of value. Perhaps unsurprisingly, given the current Covid-19 crisis, performance during times of crisis has grown in importance since 2019

Base: All central banks that currently hold gold (42); Advanced economies (10); EMDE (32).

Base: All central banks (51); Advanced economies (11); EMDE (40).

Base: All central banks that currently hold gold (42); Advanced economies (10); EMDE (32).

Source

World Gold Council

Update Schedule

The survey is expected to be conducted annually